Building the perfect pond for your backyard garden can

be a do-it yourself activity or you can hire a

professional to do it for you. It's really not that

hard but does require some research and certain

knowledge about landscaping in order to get it right.

You need to get a good book and read up on it or ask

some friends and professionals about the idea of

building a pond in your garden. For now, here is a

brief discussion on how to build that pond that you’ve

always wanted in your garden.

Situate the Pond

Basically the first step to building a pond is to find

a suitable spot to dig a hole in your garden. The size

and depth of the pond should be proportional to size

of your garden. A liner will also be needed for the

pond. You can buy and place a prefabricated fiberglass

piece or have the choice free forming your pond with

rubber roofing material or similar to it. In any case,

a liner is a must for ponds to keep the water from


If you are planning to breed fishes in the pond, you

need to consider the depth. You have to make sure that

the pond is deep enough for the fishes. In colder

climates, the pond should be deeper than the frost

line and making sure that the fishes have still enough

room to go to.

Ponds should not be placed near trees, shaded, or low

areas. Plant life, especially lilies, and fishes need

the warmth of the sun. Falling leaves can also

accumulate fast and cause a cleaning nightmare. Low

areas cause large volume of rainwater runoff to enter

the pond. Rainwater runoff may contain chemicals

coming from pesticides and fertilizers which can be

harmful to pond plants and fishes.


Building a pond also requires the owners to put some

thought on how to filter off the waste that

accumulates in it. A good thing to remember is that

the bigger the water area the better it can handle the

waste coming from the fishes. Keep in mind that you

will need to put some kind of substrate or gravel so

that a bacteria bed can build up and help maintain the

water in good quality. You can buy good filters and

gravel in your local pet stores.

If you are building a pond to keep a school of gold

fish or other kinds of fishes, wait until you have

covered the bottom with gravel and placed a good

filtering machine. Like an aquarium or a fish tank,

you should introduce a fish to the pond one at a time.

Allow some time for the environment of the pond to

adjust with the population. If you dump all of the

fish you intend to place in the pond, they probably

would not survive the environment because the natural

filtering of the bacteria will not be able to handle

the waste of the fishes and their food.

Filters can also help to ensure that your pond doesn’t

become a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Mosquitoes

lay their eggs on still waters, so anything that

agitates the eggs will help prevent the pond to become

a breeding ground. Filters help maintain the waters

clean but regular cleaning is still needed to maintain

the quality of the pond.